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Dogs have been our companions for several thousand years. This species is unique in that it lives much better next to a person than without it. Dogs have many functions. These are not just loyal friends, but also guides, guards, rescuers, warriors and just pets.
Dogs are so different in character and appearance that sometimes it is hard to believe in their relationship. And the remainder of 0.15% gives the same variety of dog breeds that are found in nature.
Speaking about the rarest breeds, perhaps you shouldn't pay attention to those that were bred only recently or were not at all recognized by dog handlers. Let's talk about really rare breeds that are practically on the verge of extinction.
Norwegian Elkhound. This breed appeared in Norway in 1877, it was presented at the exhibition of the national hunting society. Outside this country, such dogs are almost never found. Elkound is intended for elk hunting, which is reflected in the breed's name. Indeed, in translation from Norwegian "elghud" means "elk dog". Representatives of this breed has a truly unique tactics. The dog hunts and drives its prey, while dodging attacks and constantly barking. This prevents the elk from hiding until the arrival of the hunter himself. At one time, Norwegian Elkhounds were also used to hunt larger animals - bears, wolves and lynx, as well as small game.
But hunting is not so popular in Norway today. So the population of Elkhounds began to gradually decline. Today in the world there are only 4 thousand representatives of this breed. The dog itself has a compact and proportional build. It reaches a height of 46-51 cm and weighs up to 20 kg. The breed has a thick coat that protects it from bad weather. This dog is quite cheerful and friendly, it perfectly adapts to life in a human family. Elkhound is friendly with children and well guards the house. This breed has developed self-esteem and independence. It is recommended to handle him affectionately, but firmly and confidently.
Stabichon. People have known this breed for about 200 years. Its other name is Dutch Pointing Dog. Stabichon dogs originated in the Dutch province of Friesland. Cynologists believe that the breed was created by crossing the Drenta Coarse Dog and the spaniel brought to the Netherlands by the Spaniards in the 16th-17th centuries. It is believed that the stabikhon is a classy bloodhound with an excellent instinct. She perfectly pursues her goal along the trail of blood. Her other skill is guarding.
The breed is practically unknown outside its country. The standard was adopted in 1942. The Stabichon is a well-proportioned, medium-sized dog with beautiful coat. At the withers, it reaches 48-53 cm, and weighs from 15 to 20 kg. Stabichons adapt well in an urban environment, although it is still better for her to be given the opportunity to run freely and do active physical exercises. This will enable the dog to maintain its working shape. In total, at the moment, it is known about 3500 surviving stabilizers.
Thai Ridgeback. This breed is considered to be very ancient. Its origins date back to the taming of wild canine ancestors. The earliest evidence for the domestication of wolves suggests that domesticated dogs were then subjected to rigorous artificial selection. They chose those who could best guard, protect and hunt. The Thai Ridgeback was used to hunt deer, wild boars, tapirs, mongooses, martens, and also guarding human dwellings from snakes. Over time, the dog began to accompany the carts, protecting both the person and his property. It is still unclear where exactly the breed appeared. Today she has remained not only in Thailand, but also in Vietnam, Cambodia and Indonesia. Due to the isolation of some areas of residence, the breed was able to maintain its original appearance. Over time, dog handlers conducted a genetic test, revealing that the inhabitants of Thailand have more ancient roots than their counterparts in other Asian countries. Although the breed is of ancient origin. It was recognized relatively recently, in the late 1980s - early 1990s.
This dog is very strong, its physique is athletic. The body size of the Ridgeback is slightly above average. At the withers, they reach 56-61 cm, females - 51-56 cm. Males weigh 28-32 kg. A characteristic feature of the breed is the presence of a ridge. These stripes of fur on the back grow in the opposite direction to the main one. The Thai Ridgeback is a great friend and companion. The dog has such an independent character that it even looks more like a cat. In addition, Ridgebacks are also very clean, their short hair is odorless. Thais are very intelligent dogs with a good memory. And there are only a few thousand of them left in the world.
Norwegian lundehund. The dogs originate from the Norwegian islands of Vara and Rost. They were isolated for centuries. The Lundehund were used to hunt waterfowl and Atlantic puffins. When this type of fishing was banned in the middle of the 19th century, the breed began to disappear. However, on the island of Verey, which is part of the Lofoten archipelago, several dozen individuals remained. This helped to restore the breed in the middle of the 20th century. Lundehund are known not only for their skills, but also for their anatomical structure, very similar to primitive dogs. Representatives of the breed weigh about 7 kg, and their height reaches 35-38 cm.
Lundehund are now kept as a domestic breed. After all, this is a very calm and affectionate dog that is not at all aggressive. True, she treats strangers extremely restrained. These dogs are strong and agile, they are very mobile and have an independent disposition. Lundehund are very flexible - they can stretch their front legs parallel to the ground, and throwing their head back, they can reach the back with it. It is believed that such dogs cannot be kept indoors. They need freedom and a certain level of stress. These dogs require constant grooming. In total, the breed has about 2 thousand representatives, almost all of them live in Norway.
Moody. This Hungarian herding dog appeared recently, just about a hundred years ago. Despite its uniqueness, it has never been popular. Indeed, already a thousand years before its appearance in Hungary, two popular breeds already existed - the bullet and the Komondor. Moody is taller and heavier than a bullet. At the withers, it reaches 47 cm and weighs 8-13 kg. The breed is compact. This dog is very intelligent, brave and loyal. She loves her job and thanks to her energy is great for managing large herds.
Moody can do this even alone, without assistance. The dog is not afraid of enemies, so they even hunt wild boars with it. In this fight, mudi often wins. The breed is also an excellent family companion. Moodies are really versatile, because they also help find drugs, save people. These dogs are excellent and enjoy training. Mudi fans are few, but these people say that their pets rarely have a bad mood. In total, there are no more than 2 thousand representatives of this rare breed.
Otterhound. This hunting dog breed originated in Great Britain. Her direct ancestors are Bloodhounds and Erde Terriers. The breed is quite large, with a large and expressive muzzle. Since the purpose of breeding was hunting, the dog has long and muscular legs. Otterhounds weigh from 36 to 54 kg. They also have an excellent sense of smell, which allows them to successfully chase game on the trail. Another feature of this hunter is the ability to pursue the victim, both by land and by water. After all, the dog's coat is two-layered and tough, and the paws are webbed. Until 1978, otterhounds were used to hunt otters, and with the ban on this type of activity, dogs began to be used against nutria and mink.
Otterhounds have a very friendly disposition, their voice is very sonorous, which they often demonstrate. Representatives of the breed usually live for 10-13 years. They constantly need physical activity, because without them these dogs turn into lazy bumpers who constantly sleep. Currently, there are only about a thousand representatives of this breed left in the world, a third of which live in the United States. Otterhounds have always been quite rare animals, even when otter hunting was popular. Now this breed is on the endangered list, dog handlers are doing everything possible to preserve it.
Caroline dog. This dog is a relative of the wild dog dingo and was bred in the southeastern United States. It was first discovered today in South Carolina, which gave the breed its name. Where did she come from - and remained a mystery. Perhaps this wild animal has run wild again, like a dingo? And they found her on the banks of the Savannah River, in this isolated place wild dogs have not been mixed with other breeds for centuries. A distinctive feature of the Caroline dog is its excellent tolerance to heat and dry climate. But she is intolerant of the cold.
Today there are enthusiasts who keep representatives of this breed in captivity, it also serves the Indians. But the Caroline dog is quite friendly to humans, even in the wild. Although slower and weaker than most domesticated, this breed is considered to be more agile and agile. Such dogs weigh from 15-20 kg, growing at the withers up to 61 cm. Scientists have noted that the Caroline dog is almost identical to the Australian dingo. The structure of its bones is similar to the preserved remains of dogs from the Neolithic. This is one of the few breeds that has remained primitive and obtained through natural selection and survival, rather than targeted breeding. In total, there are several hundred Caroline dogs in nature.
San miguel shepherd dog. This dog is originally from the Azores. In total, there are 72 individuals. This breed is of medium height, however it is the largest island herding dog. The physique is rough and the grip is strong. In height, such a shepherd dog reaches a maximum of 60 cm, and weighs 35 kg. Dogs have been used as shepherds and guards in the Azores since 1439, when the Portuguese arrived. A distinctive feature of the breed is its high resistance to diseases, they can be near the herd almost all year round.
The ancestors of the San Miguel Shepherd Dog are considered to have already disappeared Fila da Terccira. They were once brought to these islands by seafarers, and the breed developed in complete isolation. Dogs are very intelligent and respond well to commands. Nevertheless, they are real leaders by nature, so the owner must constantly prove his domineering and strong character. A specific feature of the breed is its habit of biting naughty cows by the legs low enough so as not to spoil their skin. The San Miguel Shepherd Dog perfectly distinguishes “insiders” from “outsiders”, severely punishing enemies. Representatives of this breed live up to 15 years.
American hairless terrier. This amazing breed was formed in 1972. A completely hairless puppy was born in a rat terrier litter. American breeders Willie and Edwin Scott from Louisiana kept it for themselves. They decided to start breeding such amazing dogs. The result is a second pair of dogs. This dog and bitch became the founders of a new breed, the American Hairless Terrier. This is an amazing natural phenomenon, because by the type of inheritance such dogs are very different from other hairless breeds. All puppies are born with soft and short hair, but by 7-12 weeks of age, it falls off. Terriers remain naked for life. The same puppies that remain with hair are called covered. Such an animal needs special care. The dog must be protected from direct sunlight. To do this, they sew clothes or rub their skin with special creams. On the other hand, the Hairless Terrier does not need epilation, like the Chinese Crested Dog, which makes grooming easier. The dog should be bathed at least once a week, as due to the lack of hair, the skin quickly gets dirty. In cold weather, the animal is dressed in warm overalls, and special warm shoes are used for the legs. Hairless Terriers were registered as a breed only in 2004, and even then in the USA. Today there are no more than 70 representatives of this breed.
Chinook. This breed is considered the oldest. It was originally bred about a hundred years ago in New Hampshire. The Chinook was to become a sled dog. This breed was founded by Arthur Walden. He strove to create an ideal animal that, along with power and endurance, was also fast, as well as adapted to the conditions of the North. The selection was based on mestizo Eskimo Spitz, St. Bernard and mongrels. The first puppies were born in 1917. And the breed was named in honor of the draft dog Chinook. The dogs showed themselves best in the Antarctic expedition of Admiral Byrd, when each of the dogs in the team carried an average of 60 kg of cargo.
The Chinook is a large light brown dog, very intelligent, loyal and friendly. Only the dog needs physical activity every day. At the withers, males reach 57-57 cm, and weigh up to 45 kg. But even on the wave of popularity, Chinooks were extremely small, no more than 300 individuals. By 1966, only 125 of them remained. After 12 years, there were only 28 such dogs in the world. But the Chinook Owners' Association was able to double their numbers. Now all these dogs live in the USA. Chinook is also a symbol of the state of New Hampshire.