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The stories of finding treasures are on everyone's lips. Not so long ago, one resident of the Nizhny Novgorod region dug up his garden and found a whole collection of coins and old tokens of 1751. In the same year, on the embankment of Izhevsk, a bulldozer operator dug up a whole barrel with several hundred coins of the imperial minting. In Suzdal, a team of plumbers found more than 300 coins of the late 18th century in the ground.
The list can be continued for a long time, because messages about finding treasures in Russia appear on average once every six months. It is clear that treasures are found much more often, just not all treasure hunters are willing to cooperate with the authorities.
Today, according to the law, the found treasure must be divided in half between the finder and the owner of the land. If the treasure contains things that belong to monuments of culture or history, then half of it is taken by the state, and the rest is divided in half. As a rule, here, too, 25% goes to the state. The very procedure for evaluating the found treasures is very imperfect, which scares away seekers from the legalization of treasures. For example, the excavation site itself may turn out to be a "historical monument", which will make it possible to bring a person to criminal responsibility in general.
As a result, the majority of treasure hunters conduct a "black" search, and "white" specialists work closely with lawyers. But such difficulties do not scare away amateurs, because there are so many treasures in the earth that there are enough of them for everyone. In our country, a stormy history was going on over a large territory, with many wars and power changes. Naturally, people buried money in the ground, hoping for better times. As a result, banking in Russia began to develop much later than in Europe.
You can start looking for treasures in the suburbs, in the capital itself such events are officially prohibited. It is advised to look in the Astrakhan and Volgograd regions, as well as in the territories through which the western invaders left the country, especially in the Smolensk region.
For some, treasure is an opportunity to get rich, while others are attracted by romance and history. Professionals emphasize their disinterestedness, but note that such a hobby is unprofitable. It is believed that searching for a treasure just for the sake of enrichment is simply unprofitable. However, every seeker dreams of finding his own big treasure, among those legendary ones who have been looking for more than a dozen years. We will tell below about the ten most famous hidden somewhere treasures of Russia, just waiting to be discovered. The story of each of them is akin to a little detective story.
Suitcase with Bosporan gold. Many treasure hunters call this suitcase "gold". In fact, he was black, according to the documents as "$ 15 special cargo". And the name of the object was given by its contents. Inside there were seventy silver Pontic and Bosporan coins of the reign of Mithridates, Panticapaean coins of pure gold, gold Bosporan coins. There were also a lot of just Genoese, Byzantine and Turkish coins, medals, ancient jewelry and gold plaques - everything that was found in 1926 in a Gothic burial and transferred to the Kerch Historical and Archaeological Museum. Treasures dating back to the 3rd-5th centuries were lost just 15 years after their discovery. The reason is war. In September 1941, the Germans were rushing to the Crimea, the director of the museum, Yuri Marty, put the entire collection in a plywood suitcase upholstered with leatherette. The valuable cargo together with the escorts crossed the Kerch Bay on the ferry, and then was delivered by car to Armavir, where it was deposited. But the building where the valuables were located was destroyed by the bombing. Soon there were rumors that the "golden" suitcase, as being of particular value, was stored elsewhere. Only in 1982, researchers were able to find out that the suitcase was still preserved, and after the occupation they were able to take it to the village of Spokoinaya, handing it over to the partisans. The fascists were looking for treasure, but could not find it. Today our contemporaries are already looking for the treasure - in the mountains and near the village where the same detachment was. The weight of the suitcase was about 80 kilograms, and 719 ancient objects were stored in it. Those wishing to look for the treasured treasure should start from the village of Spokoinaya, Otradnensky district of Krasnodar Territory.
Lyonka Panteleev's treasure. The life story of the famous Petersburg thief Leonid Panteleev is very rich, it can be divided into three parts, each shorter than the previous one. Until 1922, Lenka was a soldier of the Red Army, served in the Cheka. However, the mysterious dismissal from the organs led to the "Robin Hood" lifestyle. The noble Petersburg thief robbed only the Nepmen, and burned what he earned with the breadth and scope inherent in the Russian. The authorities seized Panteleev quickly, but in November 1922 he managed to escape from Kresty (the only successful escape in the history of the legendary prison). Lyonka, after being released, quickly decided that it was time to work hard, and then flee abroad with the loot. For two whole months the city was shaking - Panteleev made 35 armed raids, did not hesitate to kill. The victims were deprived of chains, bracelets, rings, money and other small expensive items. But Lenka did not succeed in carrying out his plans; on the night of February 12, 1923, operatives found him and shot him during his arrest. But the wealth accumulated by the thief disappeared somewhere. Modern St. Petersburg diggers are sure that it fell underground, and in the literal sense of the word. So they are looking for the thief's treasure in the endless underground galleries of Peter. At the same time, from time to time diggers stumble upon bandit caches consisting of weapons, tools and other items of thieves' use. But the main prize has not been found. Today, the value of the treasure, which contains jewelry and gold coins, is estimated at $ 150,000. The main search area is the dungeons in the center of St. Petersburg, the cellars of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra and the Ligovsky catacombs.
Gold from the ship "Varyagin". On October 7, 1906, this cargo-passenger ship was wrecked in the Ussuri Bay. The ship was commanded by Captain Ovchinnikov, and the owner was the merchant Alexei Varyagin. The steamer was sailing from Vladivostok to Sukhodol Bay (at that time Gankgouzy). Local newspapers reported that he was carrying mail and money for the population and military units. In addition, there were 250 passengers on board. But on the way, the ship collided with a mine, a "gift" from the Russo-Japanese War, which ended recently. Almost instantly "Varyagin" went to the bottom, only 15 people managed to escape, together with the captain. For the Russian Far East shipping, the tragedy remains the largest in history. But then the media were not so influential, the matter was quickly forgotten. But one detail soon surfaced - in his petition to the local governor-general, Varyagin's confidant asked to compensate for the 60 thousand rubles transported on the ship in gold and some "especially valuable cargo." Then the authorities refused the merchant, but in 1913 Captain Ovchinnikov himself tried to carry out a ship lifting operation. The ship was found, but it turned out that it would take quite a lot of funds and forces to complete the operation. From a depth of 26 meters, it was then possible to lift only part of the valuable cargo, not gold. The second expedition was postponed due to storms, then the First World War began, then the revolution ... More attempts to raise the Varyagin were never made. Gold coins are of primary interest for treasure hunters. At today's prices, they cost about several million rubles! It is necessary to search for the sunken ship in the Ussuriysky Bay, between the Three Stones section, Mount Vargli and Sukhodol Bay.
Kolchak's gold. This story is one of the most popular among our treasure hunters. It is not surprising that there are many versions and directions of search. It is known for certain that in 1918 in Omsk, Admiral Kolchak was proclaimed the Supreme Ruler of Russia. This power, an alternative to the Soviet one, was backed up by a large amount of gold previously exported from Kazan. Part of the Russian gold reserve was evacuated there at the beginning of the First World War. The Omsk branch of the state bank has estimated the value of the stock at 650 million rubles. In 1921, Kolchak's power fell, and the gold was given away by the Czechoslovak corps in exchange for promises to leave Russia without hindrance. But it turned out that the number of ingots was much smaller. The fortune itself was already estimated at 400 million. But what happened to the 250 million remained unclear. On this basis, many versions have appeared, of which two main ones are distinguished. According to one of them, the gold remained in the Omsk region, in particular in the underground passages under the building of the very branch of the state bank, or underground near the Zakhlamino station. Another version says that the gold was sent to Vladivostok by carts. The testimony of the Estonian soldier Karl Purrok, who served in Kolchak's army in one of the Siberian regiments, is important. He said that not far from Kemerovo, at the Taiga station, gold was unloaded and buried. This version is supported by the fact that at the beginning of 1941 the omniscient NKVD summoned Purrok from Estonia to help investigators in their search. Many excavations have been carried out in the indicated area, but nothing has been found. The Estonian himself was arrested for deceiving the Soviet regime, and a year later he died in a correctional camp. Gold bars were never found, located either in Omsk, or near the village of Taiga, or elsewhere.
The treasure of the breeder Andrey Batashev. The wealthy Tula industrialist Andrey Batashev founded the village of Gus-Zhelezny in the second half of the 18th century. One part of the name originated from the Gus River, which flows into the Oka, and the second - from the deposits of iron ores. It was they who allowed Batashev to build a plant on this site. As a result, the industrialist became the de facto master of all the neighborhoods. From the villages under his control, he drove practically all the people, building a huge estate in two years. The house looked more like a fortress or dwelling of a medieval feudal lord than the estate of a Russian landowner. There was a church nearby, the Trinity Cathedral, which has survived to this day. Andrei Batashev himself, according to eyewitnesses, eventually retired, leaving the industry to his brother Ivan. The former breeder turned into a local robber. He abandoned all his affairs, plunging into the construction of his estate, and periodically visiting Moscow, littering there with money. Batashev stated that he had eradicated all the robbery gangs in the vicinity, but the robberies of passers-by continued. Over time, 300 people, who were carrying out some secret work inside the estate, disappeared somewhere. The breeder was patronized by Prince Potemkin himself, so the authorities did not have any special questions. But after the death of the Empress's favorite, a check arrived at the Eagle's Nest estate. Among other purposes, the task was to check the presence of a secret mint. But no untold wealth or blatant violations were found. Batashev without a patron quickly turned into a hermit, dying in his home in 1799. Surprisingly, after the death of this one of the richest people in the country of his time, no special material values were found in fate. Today, a children's sanatorium is located on the site of the house, there are several outbuildings, the ruins of greenhouses and a theater. It is clear that historians, archaeologists and treasure seekers are interested not so much in them as in the secret system of underground galleries and hiding places. Only now the estate has been declared a historical monument by the state, so excavations here are simply illegal. So, somewhere in the vicinity of the Eagle's Nest estate, which is near the village of Gus-Zhelezny in the Ryazan region, a treasure with valuable items remained.
Treasures of the Smolensk Bank. When the Nazi troops attacked Smolensk, bank values were taken out of the defended city in a great hurry and almost at the last moment. There are facts showing that at the beginning of August 1941 a column of 8 trucks went to Vyazma, but at the Solovyevskaya ferry it was fired upon. As a result, only 5 cars reached the nearest village of Otnosovo, while the fate of the rest remained unknown. At that moment, Vyazma, located 20 kilometers to the east, was already practically captured by the Germans. Almost nothing is known about the cargo, but it is believed that it was these machines that took the valuables from the bank of Smolensk. This assumption is based on the memories of local residents. They argued that when a bomb hit one of the tarpaulin cars, thousands of shiny coins flew through the forest. It can be assumed that the command realized that it would not be possible to take out the bank values from the encirclement, therefore, the paper money was burned, and the gold and silver were buried. This version is proved by the fact that after the end of the war in Otnosovo many coins of the issue of 1924 were discovered, which went out of circulation long before the start of the war. But the location of the treasure itself, in which silver coins were interspersed with gold bars, remained unknown. The estimated value of the treasure at today's prices is believed to be about $ 6.5 million. Look for the same treasure should be in the vicinity of the village of Otnosovo, in the Smolensk region.
Treasures of Count Rostopchin. The historical Voronovo estate is located 37 kilometers away. During the war of 1812, the residence of the Moscow Governor-General Rostopchin was located here. By the way, Tolstoy in his novel War and Peace spoke of this very dismissively. Rostopchin at one time managed to turn the estate into something grandiose, contemporaries called this place a little Versailles. Antique vases and marble statues, paintings and works of art came here from European capitals. Rostopchin, who surrendered Moscow to Napoleon's troops during the retreat set fire to his palace and left a defiant note. It reported that two houses and property worth half a million rubles were left in the city, and the estate turned to ashes. It is believed that in this way the count made everyone understand that his property was destroyed, since no evacuation was carried out. But contemporaries discovered some oddities in Rostopchin's behavior in the last days of the defense. Earlier, the count was famous for his hospitality, but he did not invite anyone from the headquarters located nearby to the estate. It remains a mystery why Rostopchin did not even try to save any of the valuables by sending him together with the servants and peasants to another estate near Lipetsk. The governor personally carried out the arson, and even that which could not burn in any way - marble statues - was burnt in the fire. The final elements of the picture began to converge in 1983, when specialists from Spetsproektrestavratsiya found an underground passage more than two meters high on the estate. Its length turned out to be short, because of the crumbling arches, the tunnel was completely filled up to avoid accidents. As a result, there is no doubt that there are underground passages in Voronovo, but serious searches in this area have not been carried out. In addition, the Voronovo sanatorium was erected here on the site of the former estate. Lovers of treasures in its vicinity can look for silver and bronze items, porcelain and paintings, sculptures and tapestries. The sanatorium is located on the 61st kilometer of the Staro-Kaluga highway, 37 kilometers from the Moscow Ring Road.
Treasure of Sigismund III.The Time of Troubles is especially rich in burying treasures in Russia, which is logical. As a result, most of the found treasures date back to the 16th-17th centuries. But the history of the most important treasure of those times is far from complete. It begins with the words "I sent 923 reasons of various kinds from Moscow to the Kaluga Gate in Mozhaisk." Tradition says that the original of this recording was made on a copper plate and is kept in Warsaw. It was there that the treasures plundered by the Poles for King Sigismund III were sent. In 1611, an uprising broke out in Moscow against the Polish invaders. They brutally suppressed the riot and continued to plunder the capital. Karamzin says that the Poles "plundered the royal treasury, took all the utensils of our ancient crowned heads, their crowns, rods, vessels, rich clothes to send to Sigismund ... tore off the salaries from the icons, divided gold, silver, pearls, stones and precious fabrics ". It is unclear whether the valuables were collected to be sent to Sigismund, or whether someone from the nobility planned to use them for their own purposes. But the mentioned 923 carts did not even reach Smolensk, disappearing along the way. At the same time, there are even seemingly exact indications of the place where the treasure was buried - 650 meters from the churchyard of Nikolai the Wonderful Lapotny, which is near the Khvorostyanka River. There remains a small problem - no one knows what kind of churchyard it is. This geographical concept allows the treasure to be located in multiple locations. Researchers believe that it is necessary to look for a treasure with jewelry, gold and silver either near modern Mozhaisk, or in the vicinity of Aprelevka, in the Moscow region.
Napoleon's treasure. The fact that Napoleon collected a lot of treasures in Moscow is just as legendary as the library of Ivan the Terrible. There is no need to doubt the reality of the existence of this treasure, but the details are still hotly debated. It is clear from any history textbook that in September 1812 the French emperor decided to leave the capital of Russia he had captured. His troops headed for the Old Kaluga road, but were met by the Russians, forcing them to turn onto the Old Smolensk road. Under Napoleon, there were always two convoys. "Golden" was carrying jewelry from the Kremlin, and "Iron" - a collection of ancient weapons. The number of wagons with the loot is beyond counting at all - the French did not want to leave Russia without trophies. The plans of the invaders did not include the resurrection of the Russian army, as well as the harsh Russian winter with the subsequent famine. Within a few days, the most insignificant cargo began to be dropped. The first treasure related to these events was found near the Nara River near Moscow, where they found silver dishes. Even before the retreating troops reached Mozhaisk, Napoleon gave the order not to leave the looted goods to the Russians, but to hide, drown or destroy. The carts that followed him survived at least until the Berezina River, when it became clear that there was no longer any question of treasures. Otherwise, it was possible to lose the remnants of the once victorious army. Belarusian historians believe that Napoleon dragged his part of the treasure further, while the Russians believe that the jewelry was flooded in the Smolensk region, in one of the local lakes. Attempts to explore this area have been made more than once, at different times. So, in the early 1960s, detachments of Komsomol researchers were sent to these places, but no results were obtained. Today, historians' attention is increasingly drawn to Lake Semlevskoe in the Smolensk region - a few years ago geophysicists discovered an increased content of gold and silver in its waters. But it is not so easy to find anything here - the whole bottom is covered with a 16-meter layer of silt. It is known that, in addition to ancient weapons, Napoleon's treasures included a cross from the Ivan the Great bell tower, diamonds, gold in coins and ingots, as well as candlesticks and silver chandeliers.
Golden horses of Khan Batu. This treasure is golden, in the truest sense of the word, the dream of Volgograd treasure hunters. It is known that once upon a time two life-sized golden horses stood near the entrance to Saray-Baty, the capital of the powerful Golden Horde. Such figures were created by order of Batu from all the gold treasures collected during the year as a tribute. The horses' eyes were Ruby. After the legendary Batu, Khan Berke ruled, who transferred the golden figures to his Saray, located near the current village of Tsarev, in the Volgograd region. The trail of horses is lost with Khan Mamai, or rather with him. The story goes that Mamai lost the Battle of Kulikovo, after which the Horde began to retreat. But no one could drag the weighty horses far. Today there is a debate about whether the horses were entirely made of gold, or hollow inside. Researchers wonder if the figures were hidden together or apart. According to one of the versions, one horse is buried together with Mamai, which means that the treasure must be looked for in one of the mounds, which are simply numerous in the vicinity. The most popular search area is the bank of the Akhtuba River, just below the city of Leninsk in the Volgograd Region.