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A renowned international human resources consultant, ECA International has compiled a list of the most expensive cities in the world. The consumer basket was evaluated (prices for clothing, food, electricity), but tuition and housing fees were not taken into account.
The list includes three cities from Switzerland and two from Norway. They only strengthened their positions. But Japan has the most representatives of the rating - 4 at once, and the leader is located on this island. It is Tokyo that carries the not quite honorable title of the most expensive city on Earth.
Bern, Switzerland. This city with a population of only 300 thousand is home to world famous Swiss companies - Rolex, Swisscom, The Swatch Group, Toblerone. There are also large offices of American companies - Cisco, Ebay, Ingram Micro. Bern has a fairly low tax bar and labor laws are very liberal. The city was founded in 1191, having managed to preserve its cultural heritage over the centuries. Today Old Bern is a cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site. This place is the best example of a medieval European city. Stone buildings of the 16-17 centuries have been preserved here. A distinctive feature is the many arcades - canopies over the side of the streets. Bern has many historical monuments, it was here that Albert Einstein lived from 1903 to 1905, working on his revolutionary theory of relativity. ECA International has identified several parameters that determine the high cost of a city. So, a quick lunch in Bern will cost an average of $ 28.8, a beer in a bar costs 7.46, a kilogram of rice - 4.7, a dozen eggs - 8.4. Going to the cinema in Bern costs $ 19.1.
Kobe, Japan. The city of 1.5 million has been one of the main Japanese ports since the 7th century. Today, almost a third of the country's foreign trade turnover passes through Kobe. The city is also a manufacturing center; a third of Japan's ship tonnage is built here. Household appliances and food are also produced here. Kobe is famous for having a variety of cuisines; the world famous expensive local beef also brought fame to the city. Despite the 1995 earthquake, when 100,000 buildings were destroyed in the city, Kobe was able to rebuild. Although Japan has become the only Asian country surveyed where the cost of goods in the consumer's basket has fallen, prices remain unattainable for many. A quick lunch here costs $ 15.6, beer in the bar can be bought for $ 8.69. A kilogram of rice in Kobe costs an average of 9.3, and a dozen eggs can be purchased for $ 3.1. You can enjoy watching a movie in the cinema for $ 20.8.
Geneva, Switzerland. This city is small, it has only 185 thousand people. However, it has long been considered the world center of diplomacy and finance. Many UN agencies, the headquarters of the Red Cross, the World Trade Organization, and the World Economic Forum are located here. Geneva is also home to the headquarters of international corporations such as Japan Tobacco, Hewlett-Packard, Sun, Procter & Gamble. It is curious that from 1798 to 1815 the city was part of France. The geographical proximity to this country has led to the fact that the majority of the population of Geneva is French-speaking. The city itself is located along Lake Geneva. The nature here is very rich - almost a quarter of Geneva's territory is occupied by public parks. The city attracts many tourists. Haute cuisine also attracts them, as a result there are more restaurants per capita in Geneva than in New York. The quality of life in the city is traditionally high - Geneva in 2010 entered the top three cities for this indicator. True, the prices here "bite". So, lunch will cost an average of $ 33.7, a glass of beer in a bar - $ 9.12, and a kilogram of rice costs 4.7. A dozen eggs in Geneva cost an average of 8.6, while going to the cinema costs an average of $ 19.2.
Luanda, Angola. It is unusual to see Luanda among the leading cities of the most developed countries. The fact is that the capital of Angola has hosted many foreign companies. All of them are interested in the rich reserves of energy resources in the country. Also, Angola quite a lot exports diamonds and iron, coffee, sugar, salt. Today Luanda is the largest city in the country with a population of 4.5 million. But for three decades, a civil war raged here, which practically destroyed the city's infrastructure. As a result, goods and services are simply fabulous. Although the country has a high level of poverty, in the capital, any touch of civilization is expensive. A gym membership will cost $ 2,500, and a simple haircut will cost no less than $ 150. It is extremely difficult for foreigners in the city because all the goods are difficult for them to access. As a result, a liter of milk costs 3 dollars, and renting a decent two-room apartment costs up to 7 thousand dollars a month. A quick lunch costs an average of $ 52.4, a beer at a bar costs $ 6.62, a kilo of rice is 4.6, and a dozen eggs are 5.2. Going to the movies costs an average of $ 13.9.
Zurich, Switzerland. This city is the center of all business activity in Switzerland. The population of Zurich itself is about 370 thousand people, but the urban conglomeration is three times more. The largest financial institutions are based in the city - banks, insurance companies (Suisse, Julius Baer and UBS). The Swiss Exchange is also located here. And watch companies are strongly associated with Zurich. The local airport ranks 18th in the world in terms of passenger traffic. It is worth mentioning the 12 universities located in the city. Zurich is the center of sports life. The headquarters of the Football and Ice Hockey Federation are located here. And, of course, what a Swiss city is without chocolate. It is in Zurich that the famous food company Lindt & Sprungli is based. The quality of life in the city is high, Zurich is the second in the world for this indicator. However, there is a corresponding price to pay for this. If in 2009 the city was the tenth most expensive city, then in 2010 it is already the sixth. A quick lunch here will cost an average of $ 32.9, a glass of beer at a bar costs $ 10.54, a kilogram of rice costs 3.7, and a dozen eggs cost 7.9. A visit to the cinema will ease the wallet by $ 19.6.
Yokohama, Japan. The city is the second most populous in Japan, with a population of 3.7 million. It is curious that Yokohama is a relatively young city. It arose in 1858 when two villages - Kanagawa and Yokohama - merged. Soon a port for receiving foreign ships began to be built on this site. Twenty years later, he became one of the largest on the islands of the country. Today Yokohama is also the main commercial center in the Greater Tokyo area. From here to the capital is only 30 kilometers. The city is home to over 300 IT companies. There is a very strong economic base here, based on shipping, biotechnology, and the semiconductor industry. Yokohama hosts the headquarters of such giants as Nissan and Fuji. However, the city lives not only on industry; a large art center is being built here, which will receive representatives of culture from all over the world. A quick lunch here will cost $ 16.9, beer costs $ 6.59, a kilogram of rice - 4.2, and a dozen eggs - 2.5. But going to the cinema costs $ 21.7.
Stavanger, Norway. The city remained inconspicuous for a long time until an oil field was discovered in the North Sea in the 1960s. As a result, Stavanger became the country's real oil capital. Norway has become one of the main suppliers of "black gold" in the world. The city is home to only 122 thousand people, but fifty energy companies are located here. Norway is famous for its loyal social security system, and in public schools you can also get quality free education. However, this, as well as the city's remoteness from the center of Europe, gave rise to the high cost of food and transport services. As a result, Stavanger became one of the most expensive cities in the world. However, oil-rich Norwegians can afford to overpay. Food prices in the country are 50% higher than in the rest of Europe, while the most expensive products are sugar, meat and grain. A quick lunch in the oil capital will cost $ 32.3. Beer here costs 12.83, a kilogram of rice - 5.7, and a dozen eggs - 6.8. You will have to pay $ 17.3 to visit the cinema.
Nagoya, Japan. The city with a population of 2.2 million is the fourth largest in the country. From here to the capital 265 kilometers. But it is in Nagoya that the trade routes of the West and the East of the country intersect. It is interesting that the symbol of the city is the hieroglyph "eight". It symbolizes the endless development and prosperity of Nagoya. Today the city is the most dynamically developing center in the country. It is here that the largest manufacturers of components for cars and aircraft are located in Japan. The city is also home to the headquarters of such automobile companies as Honda and Toyota. The city is renowned for its high quality of life and the local operating costs are highly competitive. However, residents have to pay for this. A quick lunch in town costs $ 19, a beer at a bar costs 11.37, a kilo of rice is 8.5, and a dozen eggs are 3.6. You can go to the movies for an average of $ 21.8.
Oslo, Norway. Oslo retained its position as the second most expensive city in the world thanks to the stable positions of the Norwegian krone, and indeed the entire economy of the country, which was not particularly affected by the crisis. The city was founded in 1147, eventually becoming the capital of the country and its largest city with a population of 590 thousand people. Oslo is a port city that houses almost a thousand companies related to the maritime business. They are engaged in shipping, ship insurance, there are also ship brokers. Oslo is renowned for its extensive and efficient metro line and environmentally friendly tramway. But this efficiency comes at a cost. For example, a one-way ticket on public transport costs $ 5.6. A quick lunch in the Norwegian capital is one of the most expensive - $ 45.2. Beer will cost 13.18, and a kilogram of rice - 6.1. A dozen eggs in Oslo cost an average of $ 8.5, and a movie ticket will cost $ 18.8.
Tokyo, Japan. It is not the first year that Tokyo has been called the most expensive city in the world. This was not even influenced by the fall in the consumer price index. Although the survey did not include living expenses, ECA experts estimate that renting a two-room apartment in the Japanese capital will cost an average of $ 4,352. Tokyo is the largest city in the country with a population of 13 million. It is an administrative, cultural, industrial and business center. Tokyo plays an important role in the global financial system. Here are the headquarters of the largest investment and insurance companies and banks. However, such an abundance of enterprises did not turn the city into a "stone jungle". Tokyo is considered one of the greenest cities in the world. Although the population of the metropolis is huge, it has some of the lowest carbon dioxide emissions in the Asia-Pacific region. This is facilitated by the city's competent transport policy. All taxis in Tokyo run on electricity. A quick lunch in Tokyo will cost $ 20.8, beer costs 10.56, and a kilogram of rice costs 9.8. A dozen eggs in the city cost an average of $ 4.5, and a movie ticket costs $ 23.8.