The most exotic edible plants

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Humanity has been using plant foods from the very beginning of its existence. But in addition to all the usual fruits and plants, there are several rather exotic ones that, nevertheless, people eat.

Breadfruit. This plant can be found in Oceania. All types of trees from the genus Artocarpus of the mulberry family are called bread there. Their fruits resemble loaves, whose weight reaches 12 kilograms! In the pulp of such fruits, starch accumulates, which eventually transforms into dough. Even James Cook wrote that whoever plants a breadfruit will do more to feed his descendants than a farmer who diligently cultivates the fields all his life. After all, these plants can bear fruit up to 70-75 years! As a result, up to 700-800 "loaves" can be harvested from just one tree per year. They are filled with sweetish pulp. If the fruits are not yet ripe, then they go to the preparation of drinks. And ripe ones can be baked, giving something that looks like bread. In India, the fruits of such a tree reach a full meter in diameter. The branches, of course, cannot withstand such a load, so whole loaves grow right on the trunk. Africa also has its own breadfruit - traculia. Its fruits are slightly smaller, reaching half a meter in diameter, and weighing 14 kilograms. In Madagascar, you can find the largest breadfruit. Its height is 20 meters, and the trunk girth is 50 meters.

Sago palm. The starch extracted from this tree in New Guinea is used to make local flatbreads. The palm tree begins to bloom at the 16th year of its life, but it is cut down even before that time. Aborigines choose a time when the core contains the maximum starch content. The insides of the barrel are removed and pushed through a special sieve into a hot metal frying pan. The result is a mixture - sago, which gave the name to the palm tree itself.

Venezuelan galactodendron. The milky sap of such a tree can be safely drunk without any processing. The composition of the milk tree liquid is similar to cow's milk, somewhat reminiscent of cream and sugar. And if you boil the juice, you get a delicious mass that resembles cottage cheese.

Sausage tree. A curious tree that belongs to the begonias family grows in Madagascar. The fruits are quite bizarre - they hang on long stalks, resembling sausages. And their color is brown. Each such vegetable sausage will burn up to half a meter in length and 10 centimeters in diameter.

Cucumber tree. Socotra Island is located off the east coast of Africa. He became famous for the abundance of strange forms of vegetation. It is here on the rocky slopes that the cucumber tree (Dendrosicyos socotrana) is located. This plant has wrinkled leaves with thorns and thorns. The fruits are similar to cucumbers, and the trunk is thick and swollen with milky juice. The stem cell tissue is whitish in color and is easy to cut with a knife. This is the only tree in the pumpkin family.

Oil palm. An unusual palm tree grows on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. If you collect nuts from it and thicken the juice, then the resulting substance will be practically indistinguishable from butter in its taste.

Sweet plants. Nature has created plants that can successfully replace sugar. So, the leaves of the stevia shrub growing in Paraguay are 300 times sweeter than white sand. And the leaves of the Mexican sugar grass - generally 1000 times. In the African savannah, there is a herbaceous plant Toumatokus dunnelium. Its red berries are 2000 times sweeter than sugar. In the forests of Nigeria and western Africa, you can find Dioscorefillum Cumminisia, whose red berries are 3,000 times sweeter than sugar. There you can also find the sweetest plant - the ketemph shrub. It contains theumatin substance, which is 100 thousand times more sweet than sugar!

Cake trees. These plants can be found in the islands of Oceania. The fact is that on such trees many yellowish fruits grow, which in their taste resemble sweet and tender cakes.

Candy tree. This plant is also called the Japanese raisin tree. It is part of the buckthorn family, its homeland is China and Japan, and scientists know it as sweet hovenia. The fruit of the tree is dry, and the taste of the vegetable analogue of the candy resembles sour raisins. Not everyone will like such a delicacy. But a rather tasty ornate axis of the inflorescence holding the fruit. It is meaty and juicy. Just one tree can give up to 35 kilograms of sweets and a rum flavor.

Plant of satiety. In Indian forests there is a unique plant called kalir-kanda. In the local dialect, it is called "cheat the stomach." It is enough to eat just a couple of its leaves to feel full for a whole week. Only now there are no nutrients in the plant. This property of the illusion of satiety made it possible to make tinctures and tablets from kalir-kanda leaves. They are recommended for those people who want to lose weight.

Watch the video: 25 Edible Plants, Fruits and Trees for Wilderness Survival


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